Use of addictive substances such as cigarette smoking remains a persistent health problem in the United States and abroad. Approximately 11% of pregnant women reported smoking during pregnancy, which can lead to developmental issues in children. The adverse effects of cigarette smoke exposure in offspring is being studied by analyzing behavioral changes caused by cellular and physiological alterations in the brain. These studies are expected to provide unconventional and more effective treatment options for behavioral problems and learning disabilities in children.

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